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E- dhara All Document in one PDF

Ever since learning about human farming, questions about farming land have arisen. These questions were sometimes simple, sometimes confused, sometimes resolved, disposed of panchas, democratically demolished like Janapad. Occasionally powerful people became kings and conquered land and became their owners. The people began to participate in the production of land in exchange for cultivation. Revenue farmer paid the rent, as some people bought land and let others cultivate it. This system continued for years, with no standards on how much to contribute or how much to pay for revenue.

The farmers who used to grow crops in the land worked hard and the landowners used to get a share of the land from the produce, in addition to giving land revenue to these farmers or to the farmers.

E- dhara All Document in one PDF

When the crop was ready, it was brought to Khilawad where all the parts were separated. The revenue of the State, the share of the landowner, was calculated, and the other village Chakriyatas, who used to give the farmers an annual share of five or ten shares of grain, were also paid from here.

In such a distribution, the revenue was more likely to be stolen. Also, it is difficult to get the grains collected. Therefore, it was decided to take cash as revenue instead of janasi or yield. The yield varies depending on the year. If the yield was 100% or sixteen it was decided by the amount of revenue per acre. The revenue was calculated according to yield, standard, or moksadar according to the income tax, excused or deferred. The main income of the states was only land revenue. Thus, full attention was paid to the measurement, assessment, inspection, collection and collection of land. So that the state gets maximum revenue.

The state was the revenue collector on land and the landholder was the revenue giver. But the land-holders pay revenue to the farmers by letting them cultivate the land. Alternatively, the government was exempt from the reward of the landowners. There were seven such rewards, which were abolished after independence.

Even though all these types of people do not cultivate themselves, they receive a large sum of money or produce as part of the ownership of the land, collect revenue, take tax, and also collect other taxes like wages. Some people decided to lease a certain figure to the monopoly and get the rights to collect revenue as an accountant. In all these cases, the farmers were exploited and the revenue collection was irregular, the accounts were full of confusion. In such a difficult situation it would be difficult to develop a revenue accounting system. However, from time to time the rulers collected revenue from various methods. Andersen developed the manual of accounts in 1, and so on today, the method of keeping revenue accounts accordingly is implemented.

The reign of Sher Shah Suri in India was from 1 to 5. During his short six-year tenure, he made numerous political and administrative reforms, including revenue reform. He determined the area of ​​land by the size of the yard. The yard is two feet. Jar-ayad, Baghiad and Quarry are thus subdivided into three sub-divisions - Aval, Doyam and Soyam, which are written in Gujarati as Highest, Medium and Junior, depending on the yield of each type of cultivated, irrigated fruit and alluvial paddy. Thus, the method of determining the type of soil on the basis of productivity on the basis of the fertility of the soil is called Pratiwari.

Measuring the land, create a book for each village. Which is called ledger in Gujarati. Sher Shah called it Sarwari, the "Book of Accounts." According to the desi nama system, the account number, land owner's name, land details, area, size of the revenue collected, the remaining revenue details were recorded by the British in the survey. "Deposit accounts were provided. The survey number is the survey number.

In the reign of Akbar, Raja Todarmal began measuring a 5-foot chain with a view to accelerating the measurement based on the size of the Sher Shah. 194 times, 2 squared times a knot. The coefficient of measurement of ×.. Feet is called a knot. Keep copy of the land intact. Determine the amount of income for the previous nineteenth year of the above nine types of land, by extracting its average income and converting one-third of it into cash. Initially, this calculation was done every year but was fixed for ten years due to difficulty. This method is called measurement and consolidation. These details are recorded in Abul Fazle's "Ain Akbari".

In the reign of Sir Sayaji Rao Gaikwad in Gujarat, Sir Madhavrao Diwan was. He has made a big contribution to the field of land reform in South India. He also worked on land reform in Gaikwadi State. He limited the authority of the chief revenue officers and merged the securities to the land of the state.

Instead, Reyatwari means the revenue levied on the land which cultivated the land. In the lead up to this, Lord Cornwallis took over. Permanent allotment system entered into Bengal province in the 5th. In the 9th, Sir Thomas Munro introduced the Khalsa and the Riyatwari system, first introduced in Madras and later in the province of Mumbai. In this system, the Khalsa means a weak, unobtrusive government or land owned by the government, raiyat means people, rayatwari means a way to allow the farmers to directly cultivate the land.

Without a land revenue survey and assessment, a full recovery cannot be made. Pringle did this, by going to all the regions where possible, his surveyors measured the land, determined the area of ​​farmland, then made a cash reimbursement. (3) Or the farm roll is ready. This is the foundation of the Revenue Account Manual. Plane table measurements and commentary leaflets of the handmade surveys of the time on the paper seat are still found in the ground floor and no more than one centimeter error is found in this measurement.

The units of the Mughal period changed a little in the time of the British, 3 Ch. The warhead remained unchanged, but instead of the different knots of 5 knots, different knots in different states, it became a common measure of 5 knots. Gaikwadi is considered to be the 7th most common area in Saurashtra region of the state.

The Land Revenue Act begins with the Regulation Act 1. The landowner has to decide on the responsibility of paying land revenue for the first time. The Revenue Law was made after the British crown rule of 2. The law was enacted in the first 3, followed by the 5th. After seeking suggestions from the collectors in 1, the law came into force after several amendments.

For the land revenue, the law of the land provides for the keeping of the records in the record registers which the collector has made in Article-1. From 1 to 7 the collectors kept their own account and deposited the revenue amount. In 7th, Anderson created RevenueAccountManual called Village Sample, Taluka Sample and District Sample. In which the entire revenue is calculated. This template is extremely clever and is accessible to the average educated person. These include calculation of agricultural, non-agricultural, public, prize and other types of land area, shape and amount of village, taluka, district revenue, unaccounted income, casual income, other income.

Under the Land Revenue Act, the Government has the power to make rules in section 1 (1). Land Revenue Rule-1 is implemented in Gujarat. The new rules made by the old Anderson - Bombay Land Revenue Rules - 1 have come into force with effect from 1/3/8. The rules contain 3 (Bawan) administrative orders and 3 notes or notes have been placed.

Land revenue rules can be applied either with a posterior effect or a retrospective effect. There have been six amendments. At present, the entire revenue administration of the state of Gujarat is based on Land Revenue Act 2 and GM Regulation 1.

Gujarat became a separate state from 1st May. The Gujarat Panchayat Act was created in the 5th. From 5 th, the Panchayati Raj was implemented in Gujarat. The functions of the Revenue Act were transferred to Panchayats in Sections 1, 2, 3, and 3 of this Act.

The new amended Gujarat Panchayat Act, applicable to the new amended Gujarat Panchayat Act from 9 th, is in accordance with the old law respectively.

Provision for maintaining dumala register Article 1 of the Act. All of them were recorded in the Dumala land. The crocodile, farming the land, but had no protection. Landlord expelled him at any time ગ The law of patronage came into force for the first time. Six years ago, any tenant who had been cultivating the land for six years was protected from the bar.

Even though the amended law of the law was implemented in 8 years, it was protected before any tenant who had been cultivating the land for six years. In 8, the law of preventing and consolidating the division of agricultural land came into being. The law is still in force. This Act came into force in the Gujarat area. The law of 3 came into force with the amendment, which resulted in the purchase of multiplicative land from 3-5-4.

The proportion of Kutch and Vidarbha is different. At present, Gujarat, Saurashtra and Kutch are three states. Gujarat is considered to be the Gujarati language region of the state of Mumbai.

Saurashtra State has all the land owned by the State in the 1st. There were numerous princely states in the state, their relations with the genitals deteriorated. Therefore, the State of Saurashtra issued an order of 1 which was based on the multiplicity of Mumbai. Which could not be implemented. That Under the chairmanship of Thugan, the committee, on the basis of the report, got the Saurashtralandiform Act of 1, which was for the Girardas, and the Barakhali Abolition Act of 3, for the Bakhtiaris. Both of these laws were for the land of cultivation. Thus, Saurashtra Estate Acquisition Act 1 was introduced for non-cultivated land, in which all assets, offices, public consumption items, houses etc. were acquired except for agriculture. . Is implemented.

The ordinance of section 4 repeals the whole Act except for the clauses relating to the transfer of agricultural land to the bean farmer and acquisition of other estates.

Gujarat Agricultural Land Top Limitation Act came into force in the sixth. The top area was decided in the state of Gujarat. This law was amended to reduce the top sector by 1. Simultaneously, some of the lands which were exempted were canceled, such as the lands of Cavid, which were considered as cultivated land in the 5th. Meanwhile, in Gujarat and Saurashtra, numerous awards and laws of land belonging to different powers were implemented and all kinds of prizes were abolished.

On 1/1/3 some of the multiples did not become buyers. They were also religious trustees. In the 5th, the government implemented the abolition of prize money, which made landowners of religious trusts.

In the 5th, the law of urban land top limit was implemented in Gujarat, in which every adult was considered as surplus of land other than four times. This law was repealed from year 1.

Ta. From 5/1/5 Gujarat, small and marginal farmers were exempted from paying land revenue. In year 1, a small farmer with less than one-tenth of the upper limit of the cultivated land was considered. All farmers have been exempted from paying land revenue from 9/8/9. Farmers have to pay only education cess and local fund cess. Land revenue, which was once the main income of the state, has now been waived. This settlement would have to take place in the second settlement, which would have to take place in the second settlement, which would not happen in the first place. As a result, the revenue amount was reduced to a negligible amount and the waiver was applied in the event that the settlement was expensive.

In this way, land revenue laws were implemented in Gujarat from time to time under different circumstances, with the improvement of land, land administration and revenue and the functioning of survey officers is also changing. Relationships with the people of the revenue system remain intact even today, with the direct influence of the people, the culture of agriculture and the law of land, land ownership, land and land laws.
  • References Books:
  • History of ancient India
  • Shareholdership to date
  • Tuzuke Babri
  • Ain Akbari
  • Mirat-Ahmadi
  • Mirate-Secundari
  • Land Revenue Act, 1
  • Land Account Manual Pro. (JH Anderson)
  • History of South India
  • Gazetteer of the state of Mumbai
  • Saurashtra Land Improvement Act
  • Saurashtra Barakhali abolition act
  • Saurashtra Estate AKV. Act

Revenue Inspection Commissioner (RIC) & Ex-Officio Secretary

Revenue Inspection Commissioner is the Head of the Department. In addition, he is ex-officio Secretary by virtue of his office. Inspection of offices of Revenue and Panchayat relating to Revenue Work of the State is being carried out by RIC as per prescribed programme. The Commissioner carries out monthly review of revenue work of the Collector. Moreover, review work is being carried out by convening zonal meeting of Collectors. After dispatch of inspection notes to the respective offices for compliance, Memo reading is done and instructions are issued for rectification of deficiencies. In order to ensure that revenue work is carried out as per rules and laws, special revenue training is imparted to revenue officers/ employees. This includes implementation of various important Acts. In order to enhance efficiency of officers of revenue work, conference of Mamlatdars, Prant Officers and Collectors is convened periodically.
E- dhara All Document in one PDF E- dhara All Document in one PDF Reviewed by UpdatesOjasGujarat on April 02, 2020 Rating: 5

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